Country Profile


Nepal, the Himalayan country of Asia has its border with China on the North and India on South, East & West. It is located between latitude 26 degree 22 minutes North to 30 degree 27 minutes North and longitude 80 degree 4 minutes East to 88 degree 12 minutes East. Being land locked country the sea access is about 1150 Km. from the border.

Ecologically the country is divided into three regions running east to west i.e. the Mountains, the Hills & the Terai . The Mountain area lies at an altitude ranging from 4877 meters to 8848 meters above the sea level. It constitutes the 15% total area of Nepal. Most of the high snow capped mountains including worlds highest peak Mt. Everest (Mr. Sagarmatha) are located in this region. The Hills the middle region that covers the 64% of total area lies between the altitude ranging between 610 meters and 4877 meters above the sea level. This regions has numerous attractive valleys, basins, lakes and hills. The Terai region that is low flat land situated along the southern side of the country. Most of the fertile lands and dense forest area of the country are located in this regions. This region covers 17.1% areas of the country.

Climate:
The climate of the country varies with its topography. The climate ranges from tropical to arctic varying with the altitude. The Himalayan Mountain region with an altitude above 3353 meter has alpine climate with considerably low temperature in winter. The mid land region are pleasant all the year. The Terai region has hot humid climate. Nepal has four seasons:

Spring-March, April, May
Summer-June, July, August
Autumn-September, October, November
Winter-December, January, February

Administrative Division:
The country is administratively divided into 5 Development Regions, 14 Zones and 75 Districts.

Language:
Nepali (Official language)
English (Widely spoken)

Religion:
Hinduism: 90%    Buddhism: 6%   Others: 4%

Time:
GMT+ 5hrs 45 min.

Foreign Exchange: click here


Weight & Measure:
Metric system.

Public Holidays: 2072 B.S., (2015/2016 A.D.),
(source: Yearly Calender, Department of Information, GoN, Ministry of Information and Communication)

Date B.S. Date A.D. Day Occasion
Baisakh 1, 2072 April 14, 2015 Tuesday New Year's day
Baisakh 11, 2072 April 24, 2015 Friday Loktantra Diwas
Baisakh 18, 2072 May 1, 2015 Friday Majdoor Divas
Baisakh 21, 2072 May 4, 2015 Monday Buddha Jayanti, Uvauli Parba
Jestha 15, 2072 May 29, 2015 Friday Ganatantra Divas
Bhadra 12, 2072 August 29, 2015 Saturday Janai Purnima
Bhadra 13, 2072 August 30, 2015 Sunday Gai Jatra - (only in Kathmandu valley)
Bhadra 19, 2072 September 5, 2015 Saturday Krishna Janmasthami, Gaura Parba
Bhadra 22, 2072 September 8, 2015 Tuesday Nijamati Sewa Divas - (only for government civil employees)
Bhadra 30, 2072 September 16, 2015 Wednesday Haritalika Teej - (only for ladies)
Ashwin 1, 2072 September 18, 2015 Friday Rishipanchami - (only for ladies)
Ashwin 10, 2072 September 27, 2015 Sunday Indra Jatra - (only in Kathmandu valley)
Ashwin 26, 2072 October 13, 2015 Tuesday Ghatasthapana
Kartik 3 - Kartik 7, 2072 October 20 - October 24, 2015 Tue - Sat (5 Days) Festival of Dashain
Kartik 9, 2072 October 26, 2015 Monday Kojagrat Purnima
Kartik 25 - Kartik 27, 2072 November 11 - November 13, 2015 Wed - Fri (3 Days) Festival of Tihar
Mangsir 1, 2072 November 17, 2015 Tuesday Chhat Parba
Poush 10, 2072 December 25, 2015 Friday Yomari Punhi, Udhyauli Puja, Christmas Day
Poush 15, 2072 December 30, 2015 Wednesday Tamu Lhosar
Magh 1, 2072 January 15, 2016 Friday Maghe Sankranti, Maghi Parba
Magh 16, 2072 January 30, 2016 Saturday Martyrs' Day (Sahid Divas)
Magh 26, 2072 February 9, 2016 Tuesday Sonam Lhosar
Falgun 7, 2072 February 19, 2016 Friday National Democracy Day
Falgun 24, 2072 March 7, 2016 Monday Maha Shivaratri
Falgun 25, 2072 March 8, 2016 Tuesday International Women's Day
Falgun 26, 2072 March 9, 2016 Wednesday Gyalpo Lhosar
Chaitra 9, 2072 March 22, 2016 Tuesday Festival of Holi - (only for 55 hilly districts)
Chaitra 10, 2072 March 23, 2016 Wednesday Festival of Holi - (only for 20 terai and bhitri madhesh districts)
Chaitra 25, 2072 April 7, 2015 Thursday Ghode Jatra - (only in Kathmandu valley)



Working Hour (Official):

Sunday – Thursday : 10.00 a.m. to 17.00 p.m. 
(for 3 months i.e. 16th Kartik to 15th Magh - 10.00 am to 16.00 p.m.)
Friday  : 10.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m.
Saturday : Official holiday


Ports:
No ports in the country.

Nearest Port:
Calcutta (India)
Chittagoan, Mangola (Bangladesh)

Air:
Nepal has one Tribhuvan International Airport and 44 airfields. International servicing airlines are Royal Nepal Airlines, Aeroflot, Bangladesh Biman, China South East Airlines, Druk Airlines, Gulf Airways, Indian Airlines, Lufthansa, Pakistan Airlines, Qatar Airways, Singapore Airlines, Thai Airlines etc. Various internal airlines are in operation for domestic flights.

Railways:
Janakpur – Jayanagar Railway service operation of about 52 k.m.

STD/ ISD Code Numbers:
Nepal 977
Arghakhachi (Sandhikhark) 077 Dhankuta 020 Lalitpur 001
Baglung 068 Dhankuta 020 Malangawa (Sarlahi) 046
Bandipur (Tanahu) 065 Dharan (Sunsari) 025 Nepalgunj 081
Banepa (Kavre, Dhulikhel) 011 Dipayal 094 Palpa 075
Baitadi 095 Doti 094 Parasi 078
Beni (Myagdi) 069 Duhabi 025 Pokhara 061
Besisahar (Lamjung) 066 Gaur 055 Rajapur (Bardiya) 084
Bhadrapur (Jhapa) 023 Ghorahi (Dang) 082 Rajbiraj (Saptari) 031
Bhairahawa (Sidharthanagar) 071 Gorkha 064 Ramechap 047
Bhaktapur 001 Guleria (Bardiya) 084 Rangeli 021
Bharatpur (Narayangarh) 056 Gulmi 079 Seemara 053
Bhimphedi 058 Hetauda (Makawanpur) 057 Sindhulimadi 047
Biratnagar (Morang) 021 Ilam 027 Surkhet (Birendranagar) 087
Birgunj 051 Itahari 025 Syangja 063
Butawal 073 Janakpur 041 Taulihawa 076
Charikot (Dolkha) 049 Jaleshwor 044 Teekapur 091
Dadeldhura 096 Kalaiya 053 Trishuli (Nuwakot) 010
Damauli (Tanahu) 065 Kathmandu 001 Triveni 078
Darchula 093 Kailali (Dhangadhi) 091 Tulsipur (Dang) 082
Dhading 010 Krishnanagar 076  
Dhangadhi 091 Kushma (Parbat) 067  

 

International Country Codes for ISD:
Algeria 213 Greece 030  Russia 007
Argentina 054 Hongkong 852  Saudi Arabia 966
Australia 061 India 091  Singapore 065 
Asutria 043 Indonesia 062  South Africa 027
Bahamas 001 Iran 098  Spain 034
Baharain 973 Iraq 964  Sri Lanka 094 
Bangladesh 880 Ireland 353  Sudan 249 
Barbados 001 Israel 972  Sweden 046 
Belgium 032 Italy 039  Switzerland 041 
Bermuda 001 Japan 081  Taiwan 886 
Bhutan 975 Jordan 962  Tanzania 225 
Bolivia 591 Korea (Rep.) 082  Thailand 066 
Botswana 267 Kuwait 965  Tunisia 216 
Brazil 055 Malaysia 060 Turkey 090 
Brunei 673  Maldives 960  Uganda 256 
Bulgaria 359  Mexico 052  United Arab Emirates 971 
Cameroon 237  Myanmar 095  United Kingdom (England) 044 
Canada 001 Nepal 977  Uruguay 598 
China PR 086  Netherlands 031  United States of America (USA) 001
Chile 056  New Zealand 064  Vatican 039 
Cuba 053 Nigeria 234  Venezuela 058 
Czechoslovakia 042 Norway 047  Vietnam 084 
Denmark 045 Pakistan 092  Yemen (Arab Rep.) 967 
Egypt 020  Philippines 063  Yugoslavia 038 
Ethopia 251  Poland 048  Zambia 260 
Finland 358 Qatar 974  Zimbabwe 263
France 033  Romania 040   
Germany 049  Ruwanda 250   

 

Information on Time Difference with Nepal's Local Time:
U.A.E. Abu Dhabi -01:45 U.A.E. Dubai -01:45 Kenya Nairobi -02:45
Netherlands Amsterdam -04:45 Ireland Dublin -05:45 U.S.A. New York -10:45
Greece Athens -03:45 Germany Frankfurt -04:45 France Paris -04:45
New Zealand Auckland +06:15 Switzerland Geneva -04:45 China Beijing +02:15
Iraq Baghdad -02:45 Finland Helsinki -03:45 Australia Perth -02:15
Bahrain Bahrain -01:45 Vietnam HoChiMinha City +02:15 Czechoslovakia Prague -04:45
Thailand Bangkok +01:15 Hong Kong Hong Kong +02:15 Burma Rangoon +00:45
Lebanon Beirut -03:45 U.S.A. Honolulu -15:45 Brazil Rio de Janeiro -08:45
Germany Berlin -04:45 Turkey Istanbul -03:45 Italy Rome -04:45
Bermuda Bermuda -09:45 Indonesia Jakarta +01:15 Chile Santiago -09:45
U.S.A. Boston -10:45 Saudi Arabia Jeddah -02:45 South Korea Seoul +03:15
Belgium Brussels -04:45 South Africa Johannesburg -03:45 China Shanghai +02:15
Romania Bucharest -03:45 Pakistan Karachi -00:45 Singapore Singapore +01:45
Hungary Budapest -04:45 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur +02:15 Sweden Stockholm -04:45
Argentina Buenos Aires -08:45 Kuwait Kuwait -02:45 Australia Sydney +04:15
Egypt Cairo -03:45 China Lhasa +02:15 Iran Teheran -02:15
South Africa Cape Town -03:45 Peru Lima -10:45 Israel Tel Aviv -02:45
Venezuela Caracas -09:45 Portugal Lisbon -04:45 Bhutan Thimpu -00:15
U.S.A. Chicago -11:45 England London -05:45 Japan Tokyo +03:15
Sri-Lanka Colombo -00:45 U.S.A. Los Angeles -13:45 Canada Toronto -01:45
Denmark Copenhagen -04:45 Spain Madrid -04:45 Canada Vancouver -13:45
Bangladesh Dacca +00:45 Maldives Male -00:45 Austria Vienna -04:45
Syria Damascus -03:45 Philippines Manila +2:15 Poland Warsaw -04:45
Australia Darwin +03:45 Mauritius Mauritius -01:45 Japan Yokohama +03:15
India Delhi -00:15 Mexico Mexico City -11:45 Switzerland Zurich -04:45
Saudi Arabia Dhahran -02:45 Russia Moscow -02:45